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QUARTZ is the most abundant and most common mineral on the Earth. It is found in almost every geological environment and also it is at least a component of almost every rock type. It has a hexagonal crystal structure and is made of trigonal crystallized silica. It is most varied in terms of varieties, colors and forms.
The most important distinction between the types of quartz is that one is of macrocrystalline, which is individual crystal visible to the unaided eye, and the other is microcrystalline or cryptodrystalline varieties, aggregates of crystals visible only under high magnification. Chalcedony is the generic term for cryptocrystalline quartz. The transparent variety tends to be macrocrystalline and the cryptocrystalline varieties are either translucent or mostly opaque.
The name "Quartz" has been derived from the German "Quartz," a Slavic origin. It is the most common material identified as mystical substance Maben in the Australian Aboriginal mythology. Pliny the Elder, a Roman naturalist believed quartz to be a permanently frozen ice. According to him, quartz is found near glaciers in the Alps and that the crystals of quartz were fashioned into spheres to cool the hands. It was also known to him the ability of quartz to split light into a spectrum.
Nicolas Steno's study of quartz made way for the modern crystallography. His discovery states that no matter how distorted a quartz crystal is, the long prism faces always made a perfect 60 degree angle.

Properties Unit Values
SiO2  99.70% (? 00.20%) 
Fe2O3  00.04% (max) 
Al2O3  00.12% (? 00.05%) 
Cr2O3  0.00040 (max) 
TiO2  0.016 
LOI  0.17 
Refractive index  ....  1.544-1.553-Dr+0.009(B-G interval) 
Specific gravity  ....  2.65constant;variableinimpure varieties 
Melting Point  ....  1650 (?75) ºC 
Streak  ....  White 
Boiling point  ....  2230 ? C 
Crystal system  ....  Trigonal 
Solubility  ....  H2O insoluble 
Packing  0Kgs/1000Kgs/ Lumps 
Shipment  By container / Bulk 
Port of Loading  West Coast of India 
Available Mesh Size 100/200/300/400 & lumps 
30x80 / 40x150 / 24x60 / 20x80 / 36x150. 
Glass Oil Well Drilling
Ceramic (White ware)  Semi-conductor 
Foundry  Ferro-Silicon Metal 
Water Filtration  Electrode 

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